Selection

Users normally select Parts manually by clicking on them and they deselect them by clicking in the background or pressing the Esc key. You can select parts programmatically by setting Part.isSelected.

The Diagram keeps a collection of selected parts, Diagram.selection. That collection is read-only -- the only way to select or deselect a Part is by setting its Part.isSelected property. You can limit how many parts are selected by setting Diagram.maxSelectionCount. Prevent all selection by the user by setting Diagram.allowSelect to false. Or prevent a particular Part from being selected by setting Part.selectable to false.

You can show that a part is selected by either or both of two general techniques: adding Adornments or changing the appearance of some of the elements in the visual tree of the selected Part.

Selection Adornments

It is common to display that a Part is selected by having it show a selection Adornment when the Part is selected. This is normally a blue rectangle surrounding the Part. This is the default behavior; if you do not want such an adornment, you can set Part.selectionAdorned to false.

If you do want a selection adornment but want something different than the standard one, you can customize it. Such customization can be done by setting the Part.selectionAdornmentTemplate. In this example, nodes get thick blue rounded rectangles surrounding the selected node, and links get thick blue lines following the selected link's path.

Note that an Adornment is just a Part. Adornments for nodes must contain a Placeholder in their visual tree. The Placeholder gets positioned where the selected object is.

Adornments for links are assumed to be panels of Panel.type that is Panel.Link. Hence the main element may be a Shape that gets the geometry of the selected Link's path shape, and the other elements of the adornment may be positioned on or near the segments of the link route just as for a regular Link.

  diagram.nodeTemplate =
    $(go.Node, "Auto",
      new go.Binding("location", "loc", go.Point.parse),
      $(go.Shape, "RoundedRectangle", { fill: "lightgray" }),
      $(go.TextBlock,
        { margin: 5 },
        new go.Binding("text", "key")),
      {
        selectionAdornmentTemplate:
          $(go.Adornment, "Auto",
            $(go.Shape, "RoundedRectangle",
            { fill: null, stroke: "dodgerblue", strokeWidth: 8 }),
            $(go.Placeholder)
          )  // end Adornment
      }
    );

  diagram.linkTemplate =
    $(go.Link,
      $(go.Shape, { strokeWidth: 2 }),
      $(go.Shape, { toArrow: "Standard" }),
      {
        selectionAdornmentTemplate:
          $(go.Adornment,
            $(go.Shape,
              { isPanelMain: true, stroke: "dodgerblue", strokeWidth: 8 }),
            $(go.Shape,
              { toArrow: "Standard", fill: "dodgerblue", stroke: null, scale: 2.5 })
          )  // end Adornment
      }
    );

  var nodeDataArray = [
    { key: "Alpha", loc: "0 0" },
    { key: "Beta", loc: "200 50" }
  ];
  var linkDataArray = [
    { from: "Alpha", to: "Beta" }
  ];
  diagram.model = new go.GraphLinksModel(nodeDataArray, linkDataArray);

More complex Adornments

The custom Adornment for a Node need not be only a simple Shape outlining the selected node. Here is an adornment that adds a button to the adornment which inserts a node and a link to that new node.

  function addNodeAndLink(e, b) {
    // take a button panel in an Adornment, get its Adornment, and then get its adorned Node
    var node = b.part.adornedPart;
    // we are modifying the model, so conduct a transaction
    var diagram = node.diagram;
    diagram.startTransaction("add node and link");
    // have the Model add the node data
    var newnode = { key: "N" };
    diagram.model.addNodeData(newnode);
    // locate the node initially where the parent node is
    diagram.findNodeForData(newnode).location = node.location;
    // and then add a link data connecting the original node with the new one
    var newlink = { from: node.data.key, to: newnode.key };
    diagram.model.addLinkData(newlink);
    // finish the transaction -- will automatically perform a layout
    diagram.commitTransaction("add node and link");
  }

  diagram.nodeTemplate =
    $(go.Node, "Auto",
      $(go.Shape, "RoundedRectangle", { fill: "lightgray" }),
      $(go.TextBlock,
        { margin: 5 },
        new go.Binding("text", "key")),
      {
        selectionAdornmentTemplate:
          $(go.Adornment, "Spot",
            $(go.Panel, "Auto",
              // this Adornment has a rectangular blue Shape around the selected node
              $(go.Shape, { fill: null, stroke: "dodgerblue", strokeWidth: 3 }),
              $(go.Placeholder)
            ),
            // and this Adornment has a Button to the right of the selected node
            $("Button",
              { alignment: go.Spot.Right, alignmentFocus: go.Spot.Left,
                click: addNodeAndLink },  // define click behavior for Button in Adornment
              $(go.TextBlock, "ADD",  // the Button content
                { font: "bold 6pt sans-serif" })
            )
          )  // end Adornment
      }
    );

  diagram.layout = $(go.TreeLayout);

  var nodeDataArray = [
    { key: "Alpha" },
    { key: "Beta" }
  ];
  var linkDataArray = [
    { from: "Alpha", to: "Beta" }
  ];
  diagram.model = new go.GraphLinksModel(nodeDataArray, linkDataArray);

Select any node and click the "ADD" button. Note how the diagram is automatically laid out as a tree.

Data Binding

Like all Parts, Adornments support data binding. If the adorned Part has a data binding (i.e. if Part.data is non-null), all adornments for that part will also be bound to the same data object.

  diagram.nodeTemplate =
    $(go.Node, "Auto",
      new go.Binding("location", "loc", go.Point.parse),
      $(go.Shape, "RoundedRectangle", { fill: "lightgray", strokeWidth: 2 },
        new go.Binding("stroke", "color")),
      $(go.TextBlock,
        { margin: 5 },
        new go.Binding("text", "key")),
      {
        selectionAdornmentTemplate:
          $(go.Adornment, "Auto",
            $(go.Shape,
              { fill: null, stroke: "dodgerblue", strokeWidth: 6 },
              new go.Binding("stroke", "color")),
            $(go.Placeholder)
          )  // end Adornment
      }
    );

  var nodeDataArray = [
    { key: "Alpha", loc: "0 0", color: "blue" },
    { key: "Beta", loc: "200 50", color: "red" }
  ];
  var linkDataArray = [
    { from: "Alpha", to: "Beta" }
  ];
  diagram.model = new go.GraphLinksModel(nodeDataArray, linkDataArray);

Notice how each Adornment has the same color as the selected node's data.color.

Selection appearance changes

Adding a selection adornment is not the only way to indicate visually that a Part is selected. You can also modify the appearance of one or more objects in your Part.

One way to do this is with data binding. Here we data bind the Shape.fill to the Part.isSelected property with a converter function that converts the boolean value to a color string or brush. We also turn off the regular rectangular blue selection adornment.

  diagram.nodeTemplate =
    $(go.Node, "Auto",
      { selectionAdorned: false },  // don't bother with any selection adornment
      new go.Binding("location", "loc", go.Point.parse),
      $(go.Shape, "RoundedRectangle", { fill: "lightgray", strokeWidth: 2 },
        // when this Part.isSelected changes value, change this Shape.fill value:
        new go.Binding("fill", "isSelected", function(sel) {
          if (sel) return "cyan"; else return "lightgray";
        }).ofObject("")),  // The object named "" is the root visual element, the Node itself
      $(go.TextBlock,
        { margin: 5 },
        new go.Binding("text", "key"))
    );

  var nodeDataArray = [
    { key: "Alpha", loc: "0 0" },
    { key: "Beta", loc: "200 50" }
  ];
  var linkDataArray = [
    { from: "Alpha", to: "Beta" }
  ];
  diagram.model = new go.GraphLinksModel(nodeDataArray, linkDataArray);

Now when you select a node its background color changes to cyan.

More generally you can execute code to modify the Part when Part.isSelected has changed value. In this example we will have the same side effects as the previous example.

  function onSelectionChanged(node) {
    var icon = node.findObject("Icon");
    if (icon !== null) {
      if (node.isSelected)
        icon.fill = "cyan";
      else
        icon.fill = "lightgray";
    }
  }

  diagram.nodeTemplate =
    $(go.Node, "Auto",
      { selectionAdorned: false,  // don't bother with any selection adornment
        selectionChanged: onSelectionChanged },  // executed when Part.isSelected has changed
      new go.Binding("location", "loc", go.Point.parse),
      $(go.Shape, "RoundedRectangle",
        { name: "Icon", fill: "lightgray", strokeWidth: 2 }),
      $(go.TextBlock,
        { margin: 5 },
        new go.Binding("text", "key"))
    );

  var nodeDataArray = [
    { key: "Alpha", loc: "0 0" },
    { key: "Beta", loc: "200 50" }
  ];
  var linkDataArray = [
    { from: "Alpha", to: "Beta" }
  ];
  diagram.model = new go.GraphLinksModel(nodeDataArray, linkDataArray);

There are some restrictions on what you can do in such an event handler: you should not select or deselect any parts, and you should not add or remove any parts from the diagram.